Civism: Cultivating Citizenship in European History

The fortunes of western civism have been characterized by an accumulation of influences related to individuals, events, and movements that contributed to the development of an aggregate western culture. This aggregate was comprised of philosophical explanations of the spiritual and physical world that included, artistic and aesthetic expressions. In addition, various socio/​political concerns were expressed in forms of political rule and trading systems, the rise and fall of empires in an ever-changing social landscape, and moral and ethical practices. Social and cultural changes demanded an ever-increasing need for additional resources that could produce tensions and conflicts within societies that also were reflected in changes in accepted citizenship understandings. Civism, in conjunction with citizenship, slowly became an educational means of unifying the state, as well as a means for advancing the accepted values of the each political system devised by circumstances that influenced the civic culture.

Selected Works

Biography and Curriculum Development
The development of the Elementary Social Studies Curriculum
Anthropology and Education
An Evaluation of Anthropology Projects for the Social Studies Curriculum
Social Studies Curriculum - Phi Delta Kappa Fastback #199
This 1983 publication contains a review of important models developed for the social studies
History
This book focuses on the development of civism as it contributed to ancient Greek culture, and helped to shape the psychology of citizenship in the Western world.
Nonfiction
This work consists of an anthology of authors in which they describe their disciplinesí perspective on citizenship education.
This is a college level textbook that is designed as a means to help teacher candidates learn to prepare instruction.
This book is an exploration of the relationship between citizenship and civism through a general survey of European history.