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SOCIAL STUDIES DIARY

The Ten Themes of Civism

(a) Religiosity – The interpretation of events, or the outcomes of events, due to a strong religious outlook. It includes actions and arguments that are predicated on the belief that to follow certain pathways will curry the favor or the disfavor of god(s) of the supernatural realm or those realms that are deemed sacred, including Fate; it also includes oaths and pledges that are designed to evoke the favor of the spiritual realm.

(b) State Ideology – Related to ideas about political, social, and economic systems that are considered to be the best means of organizing human affairs. Ideology, especially, pertains to wise decision making according to those beliefs that underlay the concepts of doctrine that serve as the foundation of political systems and/or the systems of governance that are used to organize a people, society, or culture. It includes righteousness or upright conduct in public affairs as it pertains to the Good, which would include citizenship conduct in light of model behaviors and worthy citizenship actions, and is reflected in constitutions, laws, treaties, as well as the dealings with the internal and external affairs of the state. It includes a justification for the state and its political system.

(c) Tradition – Those historical conventions, practices, beliefs, virtues, and values that have been transmitted from generation to generation in a society, culture, or state. It is a means of providing a sense of identity to individual citizens living within a political system. Traditions include the differences with other states including its social, military, and education practices.

(d) Virtue – Includes those concepts of goodness, moral excellence, as well as moral standards of correct or right behavior, according to the accepted cultural standards that have been identified and accepted as worthy. Virtues are good expressions of an ideal in human affairs and human conduct that are worthy of emulation, such as courage in the face of danger, sacrifices made for a worthy cause, the protection and defense of the weak, the demand for equal justice in the administration of the law, etc.

(e) Posterity – The influence of past actions and accomplishments as a standard for measuring or assessing contemporary and/or future results. It is generally believed that ways of progenitors should be acknowledged as worthy of emulation by current leaders and the contemporary citizenship body, and should be calculated in decisions that influence future outcomes.

(f) Sacrifice – To surrender something of personal value – life, limb, and property – as an offering in order to curry the favor of deity in the defense and the preservation of the state or the status of the state.

(g) Solidarity – A union of interests, obligations, outlooks, and responsibilities that cause individuals to pledge their allegiance to a cause, community, or state. This is accomplished by submitting to the demands, objectives, and/or specified standards as a means of forming unanimity, or an agreement, in the pursuit of a common cause.

(h) Patriotism – The love of the motherland as expressed in a nationalistic devotion to the welfare of the state through the adoption of those values, manners, and behaviors of an idealized patriot. It includes loyalty and steadfastness or the degree of tenacity that is expressed in the pursuit of firmly established, or fixed, goals and goods related to the defense and survival of the state.

(i) Reason and Argument – Sound reasoning, including inductive and deductive approaches, based on argumentation that includes evidence and an exploration of the relationship between cause-and-effect influences stemming from events and reactions to events, or an explanation of our current conditions and predicaments that are compounded by past and present influences.

(j) Materialism – The desire or need for the acquisition of the objects, or matter, of market value, including all forms of wealth, such as the acquisition of precious metals, coinage, booty, tribute, territorial expansion, empire, resources, trade, and various forms of goods including treasure and raw materials, such as food. Relating to future decisions, actions and behaviors in terms of material benefits.

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